Biomechanics refers to the evaluation of any movement technique, like walking, running, or the throwing phase of javelin.
Correct biomechanics plays a fundamental role in the performance of any sport or activity, as well as injury prevention. For example, a tennis player who serves with inadequate biomechanics will see delivery power reduced and may increase their risk of injury. A runner who has excessive pelvic tilt can suffer from knee pain or knee injuries.
Injury due to incorrect biomechanics commonly results from overuse or microtrauma that occurs over an extended period of time (as opposed to an acute, ‘one-off’ injury). Faulty biomechanics may result from:
- Primary abnormalities: such as leg length discrepancy and bone deformities
- Secondary abnormalities: including muscle spasm or reduced muscle length
Primary abnormalities such as ‘knock knees’ cannot be altered, however, the secondary effects of this can be minimised by compensatory devices such as orthotics or taping.
Your physiotherapist can assess biomechanics and form a treatment plan to help correct technique, and address any other abnormalities that may be causing pain or hindrances in performance.