Dysfunctional movement patterns occur as a result of impairments or injury to part of the kinetic chain within the human body. The kinetic chain is composed of muscles, nerves and joints and only one has to be affected to lead to dysfunction and altered movement patterns. Consequently, this could limit flexibility, mobility, stability and power or strength at one or multiple areas of the body.
After an injury, your body compensates with altered movement patterns and in turn, results in stress and strain on other structures and joints within the body. Due to this cumulative compensatory movement patterns, you may be less effective with your throwing, hitting, running, swimming or any other actions required within your sport.
Therefore; it is important to ensure normal movement patterns are relearned by reducing compensatory movement, improving the efficiency of your movement patterns. Overall, aiming to reduce the potential for further injury during sports.
A physiotherapist can complete a functional movement assessment to identify any inefficient or compensatory movement patterns. Initially the kinetic chain (joints, nerves and muscles) and functional movements will be assessed before prescribing a suitable exercise programme. This will aim to develop efficient movement patterns, decrease kinetic chain dysfunctions and aim to prevent re-injury with relearning normal movement patterns.
If you’ve previously had an injury and now returning to sport, contact your physiotherapist at Caboolture Physical Therapy to get your assessment to help prevent re-injury or any further new injuries occurring.